Public Transit (and biofuel)
Curitiba, Brazil, is the greatest example of sustainable transport in a city, using buses, in the world today. More than 60% of the population depends on the bus system. The bus network operates like an above ground subway, as loading and unloading of passengers is made even with the curb by use of platforms lowered from bus doors. Many buses even have their own lanes, another way in which the efficiency of bus travel is enhanced.
Curitiba is heavily invested in alternative fuel technologies (such as biofuel) and operates what stand as the first biodiesel-only buses in Latin America. Cities worldwide using just some of Curitiba's bus practices could greatly reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Curitiba has almost 600 square feet of green space per resident, mostly in the form of municipal parks. Curitiba has its residents' well-being as the priority of its layout, with over 90 miles of bike paths and many shopping areas built around pedestrian-only zones. As part of the city's aesthetically beautiful city design, there are 16 major parks and 14 forests in the metro area. At one point in the early planning stages, 1.5 million trees were planted throughout the city.
Curitiba has become an international model for sustainable development because it puts its people first and plans in a strategic and integrated way. The city was led in the 1970's and 1980's by mayor Jaime Lerner who imagined the ideal and helped create what the city has become today. Curitiba is best known now as a pioneer of sustainable mass transportation and waste recycling.
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